About 400 metres away from the building with the larger-than-life poster of Gebran Tueni – just on the other side of Martyr’s square – is the Kata’eb party headquarters. The latter too displays a huge poster of one of their leaders, Pierre Gemayel, who was also part of a chain of killings following the assassination of Rafik Hariri. Photo: Sara Fregonese



Very prominent and almost ubiquitous signs of polarisation are posters with images of political leaders, flags and graffitis – often easily replicable stencils – demonstrating the territorial presence, even dominance, of a particular political party. At times of heightened tensions, the frequency of such signs increases and can thus be interpreted as evidence of radicalisation. Recently, political leaders agreed to remove political posters around Beirut which so far effectively ended what could have been called an arms race of plastering the city with political statements. Also religious artefacts like shrines or statues signify whom a certain area “belongs” to. Even mosques and churches fall into this category. The prominent new city centre mosque, for example, is perceived as blunt political statement by some.