Berlin Lichtenberg Main Station



Many objects in Lichtenberg’s public realm were erected by official authorities according to the design principle of “defensive architecture” or “CPTED” (Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design). Their intention is to physically protect properties and human beings through their sheer material presence. Thorny bushes in front of a pro-Nicaragua mural, for example, were deliberately planted to thwart further smirch attacks on it. Strong wire baskets filled with stones (gabiones) are installed in some places instead of smooth concrete walls in order to prevent extremist messages to be depicted as elaborate murals. The recent reconstruction of the railway station Lichtenberg also incorporated a number of CPTED features such as CCTV cameras, an improved illumination scheme and the permanent presence of a police van.